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Adult stem cells are present in most postnatal tissues of mammals.
Tissues with high rates of cell turnover depend on the functional capacity of stem cells for lifelong maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Adult stem cells are also required for the regeneration of tissues in response to injury as in, for exemple, the regeneration of skeletal muscle. [lire la suite]
The care of ICU patients has seen many improvements over the years, both with regard to technical aspects and supportive measures.
The first part of this book analyzes nutritional support at various levels, ranging from the cell level to the whole-body aspect; drawing on recent prospective randomized studies, the authors propose a new approach for oral, enteral and/or parenteral nutrition. [lire la suite]
Meeting macro- and micronutrient requirements during pregnancy and early childhood is crucial for short- and long-terra health and cognitive function. Meta-analyses confirm that supplementation or fortification of food with the 'big four' (vitamin A, iron, zinc, and iodine) is efficacious to reduce the risk of infections disease and improves growth and cognitive outcome. [lire la suite]
Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a major complaint among many patients suffering from neurological diseases as well as in the elderly.
Its severity ranges from moderate difficulty to complete inability to swallow, and it may give rise to clinically relevant complications such as aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition and/or dehydration, impaired quality of life, and death. [lire la suite]